Topic Last Modified: 2006-05-17
The Microsoft® Exchange Server Analyzer Tool queries the ExchangeLink Windows® Management Instrumentation (WMI) class to determine the value of the StateRetry key for the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) Messages awaiting directory lookup queue.
If the Exchange Server Analyzer finds that the value of the StateRetry key for the Messages awaiting directory lookup queue on an Exchange server is set to True, the Exchange Server Analyzer displays an error.
If a queue is in retry status, this status indicates that at least one error occurred in the previous attempts to process the messages in the queue. You can change queues in the Retry or Scheduled state to Active with the Force Connection command. This causes the queue to function as if the retry interval had passed or the scheduled time was reached. However, this method may not always work.
|The properties of a queue can indicate a specific reason for a queue to be in Retry.|
The Messages awaiting directory lookup queue contains messages to recipients that have not yet been resolved against the Active Directory® directory service. Messages are also held in the queue while distribution lists are expanded.
Generally, messages accumulate in this queue because the advanced queuing engine is unable to categorize the message. The advanced queuing engine may not be able to access the global catalog servers and access recipient information, or the global catalog servers are unreachable or performing slowly. In addition, messages can accumulate for the following reasons:
- Active Directory is unavailable.
Note: The categorizer uses Active Directory to categorize messages.
- Active Directory may be too heavily loaded if many messages are
queuing in the pre-categorization queue.
- There is a failure in conversion. The categorizer also handles
- The message categorizer cannot find the mailbox stores.
- If SMTP was reinstalled or removed, this may invalidate the
following IIS metabase keys: /smtpsvc/DsUseCat and
Note: Determine whether SMTP was reinstalled or removed.
To resolve this error, examine the properties of the queue to determine why the queue is in retry status. For example, if the queue properties display a message that resembles "An SMTP error has occurred," you should review your server's event logs to locate any SMTP errors. If there are no events in the log, you should increase the SMTP Protocol logging level.
For more information about how to troubleshoot SMTP queues, see the following Exchange resources:
- "Troubleshooting Mail Flow and SMTP" in the Exchange Server
Transport and Routing Guide (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=47579).
- Microsoft Knowledge Base article 823489, "How to use Queue
Viewer to troubleshoot mail flow issues in Exchange
Server 2003" (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?linkid=3052&kbid=823489).
- Microsoft Knowledge Base article 821877, "Description of Fields
on the SMTP and X.400 Queue Properties Tabs" (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?linkid=3052&kbid=821877).
- Microsoft Knowledge Base article 264054, "XCON: Understanding
Queue States in Exchange 2000 Server" (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?linkid=3052&kbid=264054).