Applies to: Exchange Server 2013

Topic Last Modified: 2012-06-11

Use the Remove-Message cmdlet to delete a message from a queue on a Mailbox server or an Edge Transport server.


Remove-Message -Filter <String> [-Server <ServerIdParameter>] <COMMON PARAMETERS>
Remove-Message -Identity <MessageIdentity> <COMMON PARAMETERS>
COMMON PARAMETERS: [-Confirm [<SwitchParameter>]] [-WhatIf [<SwitchParameter>]] [-WithNDR <$true | $false>]



This example removes all messages that meet the following criteria without generating NDRs:

  • The messages are sent by the sender

  • The messages are queued on the server Server1.

Copy Code
Remove-Message -Server Server1 -Filter {FromAddress -eq ""} -WithNDR $false

Detailed Description

A message being transmitted to multiple recipients might be located in multiple queues. If you specify an Identity parameter, the message is removed from a single queue if that identity matches only a single message. If the identity matches more than one message, you receive an error. To remove a message from more than one queue in a single operation, you must use the Filter parameter. If you try to remove a message currently being delivered, the message status changes to PendingDelete. Message delivery isn't interrupted, but if the delivery fails and causes the message to re-enter the queue, it's then removed.

You need to be assigned permissions before you can run this cmdlet. Although all parameters for this cmdlet are listed in this topic, you may not have access to some parameters if they're not included in the permissions assigned to you. To see what permissions you need, see the "Queues" entry in the Mail Flow Permissions topic.


Parameter Required Type Description




The Filter parameter requires an expression that specifies the property value criteria for the messages that you want to remove. The expression includes a property name followed by a comparison operator and value. The following message properties are valid criteria for the Filter parameter:

  • DateReceived   The date that the message was received.

  • ExpirationTime   The time that a message will expire.

  • FromAddress   The SMTP address of the sender of a message. This value is taken from MAIL FROM in the message envelope.

  • Identity   An integer that represents a particular message and an optional server and queue identity.

  • InternetMessageId   The value of the Message-ID header field. This property is expressed as a GUID followed by the SMTP address of the sending server, as in this example:

  • LastError   A text string of the last error recorded for a message.

  • MessageSourceName   A text string of the name of the component that submitted this message to the queue.

  • Queue   The identity of the queue that holds the message. Enter the queue identity in the form of Server\destination, where destination is a routing destination or delivery group.

  • RetryCount   The number of times that delivery of a message to a destination was tried.

  • SCL   The spam confidence level (SCL) of the message. Valid SCL entries are integers 0 through 9. An empty SCL property value indicates that the message hasn't been processed by the Content Filter agent.

  • Size   The size of a message.

  • SourceIP   The IP address of the external server that submitted the message to the Exchange organization.

  • Status   The current message status. Message status options are Active, Retry, Suspended, PendingSuspend, and PendingRemove.

  • Subject   A text string that represents the e-mail subject. The value is taken from the Subject header field.

You can specify multiple filter criteria by using the and comparison operator. Property values that aren't expressed as a single integer must be enclosed in quotation marks (").




The Identity parameter specifies the MessageIdentity integer that represents a particular message and an optional server and queue identity. The syntax for this parameter is as follows:

  • Server\QueueIdentity\MessageIdentity

  • QueueIdentity\MessageIdentity

  • Server\*\MessageIdentity

  • MessageIdentity




The Confirm switch can be used to suppress the confirmation prompt that appears by default when this cmdlet is run. To suppress the confirmation prompt, use the syntax -Confirm:$False. You must include a colon ( : ) in the syntax.




The Server parameter specifies the Exchange server on which you want to run this command. You can use any value that uniquely identifies the server. For example:

  • Name

  • FQDN

  • Distinguished name (DN)

  • Exchange Legacy DN

If you don't use the Server parameter, the command is run on the local server.




The WhatIf switch instructs the command to simulate the actions that it would take on the object. By using the WhatIf switch, you can view what changes would occur without having to apply any of those changes. You don't have to specify a value with the WhatIf switch.




The WithNDR parameter specifies whether a non-delivery report (NDR) is returned to the sender of a message. The default value is $true. This parameter can be used with both the Identity parameter and Filter parameter sets.

Input Types

To see the input types that this cmdlet accepts, see Cmdlet Input and Output Types. If the Input Type field for a cmdlet is blank, the cmdlet doesn’t accept input data.

Return Types

To see the return types, which are also known as output types, that this cmdlet accepts, see Cmdlet Input and Output Types. If the Output Type field is blank, the cmdlet doesn’t return data.