Applies to: Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Online
Topic Last Modified: 2012-10-13
Dynamic distribution groups are distribution groups whose membership is based on specific recipient filters rather than a defined set of recipients. Microsoft Exchange provides precanned filters to make it easier to create recipient filters for dynamic distribution groups. A precanned filter is a commonly used filter that you can use to meet a variety of recipient-filtering criteria. You can specify the recipient types you want to include in a dynamic distribution group. Additionally, you can also specify a list of conditions that the recipients must meet. You can use the Shell to preview the list of recipients for a dynamic distribution group that uses precanned filters.
You can also use the Exchange Administration Center (EAC) to see how many recipients received the most recent message that was sent to a dynamic distribution group.
What do you need to know before you begin?
- Estimated time to complete: 2 minutes.
- You need to be assigned permissions before you can perform this
procedure or procedures. To see what permissions you need, see the
"Dynamic distribution groups" entry in the Recipients
- For information about keyboard shortcuts that may apply to the
procedures in this topic, see Keyboard Shortcuts in
the Exchange Admin Center.
What do you want to do?
Use the Shell to preview the list of members of a dynamic distribution group
This example returns the list of members for the
dynamic distribution group Full Time Employees. The first command
stores the dynamic distribution group object in the variable
$FTE. The second command uses the Get-Recipient
cmdlet to list the recipients that match the criteria defined for
the dynamic distribution group.
$FTE = Get-DynamicDistributionGroup "Full Time Employees"
Get-Recipient -RecipientPreviewFilter $FTE.RecipientFilter
Use the EAC to see how many recipients received a message sent to a dynamic distribution group
- In the EAC, navigate to
Recipients > Groups.
- Select a dynamic distribution group.
In the details pane under Membership, the number of people who received the last message sent to the dynamic distribution group is displayed.
How do you know this worked?
To verify that you’ve successfully viewed the members of a dynamic distribution group, do one of the following:
- In the Shell, a list of members is returned after you run the
previous command to preview a list of dynamic distribution group
members. For example, if you created a new user mailbox with
properties that match the recipient filter for the dynamic
distribution group, this new user should be displayed in the list
of group members.
- The number of people who received the last message sent to the
dynamic distribution group is displayed in the details pane in the
EAC. If no one has received a message sent to this group, it’s
possible that a message hasn’t been sent to the group or that the
group doesn’t have any members that meet the conditions of the