Applies to: Exchange Server 2013

Topic Last Modified: 2012-10-05

Exchange ActiveSync is a client protocol that lets you synchronize a mobile device with your Exchange mailbox. Exchange ActiveSync is enabled by default when you install Microsoft Exchange 2013.


Overview of Exchange ActiveSync

Features in Exchange ActiveSync

Managing Exchange ActiveSync

Windows Phone 7 synchronization

Overview of Exchange ActiveSync

Exchange ActiveSync is a Microsoft Exchange synchronization protocol that's optimized to work together with high-latency and low-bandwidth networks. The protocol, based on HTTP and XML, lets mobile phones access an organization's information on a server that's running Microsoft Exchange. Exchange ActiveSync enables mobile phone users to access their email, calendar, contacts, and tasks, and to continue to access this information while they're working offline.

Windows Phone 7 mobile phones support only a subset of all Exchange ActiveSync mailbox policy settings. For a complete list, see Windows Phone 7 Synchronization.

Features in Exchange ActiveSync

Exchange ActiveSync provides the following:

  • Support for HTML messages

  • Support for follow-up flags

  • Conversation grouping of email messages

  • Ability to synchronize or not synchronize an entire conversation

  • Synchronization of Short Message Service (SMS) messages with a user's Exchange mailbox

  • Support for viewing message reply status

  • Support for fast message retrieval

  • Meeting attendee information

  • Enhanced Exchange Search

  • PIN reset

  • Enhanced device security through password policies

  • Autodiscover for over-the-air provisioning

  • Support for setting automatic replies when users are away, on vacation, or out of the office

  • Support for task synchronization

  • Direct Push

  • Support for availability information for contacts

Managing Exchange ActiveSync

By default, Exchange ActiveSync is enabled. All users who have an Exchange mailbox can synchronize their mobile device with the Microsoft Exchange server.

You can perform the following Exchange ActiveSync tasks:

  • Enable and disable Exchange ActiveSync for users

  • Set policies such as minimum password length, device locking, and maximum failed password attempts

  • Initiate a remote wipe to clear all data from a lost or stolen mobile phone

  • Run a variety of reports for viewing or exporting into a variety of formats

  • Control which types of mobile devices can synchronize with your organization through device access rules

Security in Exchange ActiveSync

You can configure Exchange ActiveSync to use Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) encryption for communications between the Exchange server and the mobile device. Certificate-based authentication works with a self-signed certificate, a certificate from an existing public key infrastructure, or a third-party commercial certificate. You can use certificate-based authentication together with other security features, such as local device wipe and a device password, so the mobile device functions like a smart card. The private key and certificate for client authentication are stored in memory on the mobile phone. If an unauthorized user tries to bypass the mobile device password, all user data is purged. This includes the certificate and private key. For more security, you can deploy RSA SecurID two-factor authentication on the Exchange server.

Managing mobile device access in Exchange ActiveSync

You can control which mobile devices can synchronize. You do this by monitoring new mobile devices as they connect to your organization or by setting up rules that determine which types of mobile devices are allowed to connect. Regardless of the method you choose to specify which mobile devices can synchronize, you can approve or deny access for any specific mobile device for a specific user at any time

Device security features in Exchange ActiveSync

In addition to the ability to configure security options for communications between the Exchange server and your mobile devices, Exchange ActiveSync offers the following features to enhance the security of mobile devices:

  • Remote wipe   If a mobile device is lost, stolen, or otherwise compromised, you can issue a remote wipe command from the Exchange Server computer or from any Web browser by using Outlook Web App. This command erases all data from the mobile device.

  • Device password policies   Exchange ActiveSync lets you configure several options for device passwords. These options include the following:

    • Minimum password length (characters)   This option specifies the length of the password for the mobile device. The default length is 4 characters, but as many as 18 can be included.

    • Minimum number of character sets   Use this text box to specify the complexity of the alphanumeric password and force users to use a number of different sets of characters from among the following: lowercase letters, uppercase letters, symbols, and numbers.

    • Require alphanumeric password   This option determines password strength. You can enforce the usage of a character or symbol in the password in addition to numbers.

    • Inactivity time (seconds)   This option determines how long the mobile device must be inactive before the user is prompted for a password to unlock the mobile device.

    • Enforce password history   Select this check box to force the mobile phone to prevent the user from reusing their previous passwords. The number that you set determines the number of past passwords that the user won't be allowed to reuse.

    • Enable password recovery   Select this check box to enable password recovery for the mobile device. Users can use Outlook Web App to look up their recovery password and unlock their mobile device. Administrators can use the Exchange Administration Center to look up a user's recovery password.

    • Wipe device after failed (attempts)   This option lets you specify whether you want the phone's memory to be wiped after multiple failed password attempts.

  • Device encryption policies   There are a number of mobile device encryption policies that you can enforce for a group of users. These policies include the following:

    • Require encryption on device   Select this check box to require encryption on the mobile device. This increases security by encrypting all information on the mobile device.

    • Require encryption on storage cards   Select this check box to require encryption on the mobile device‚Äôs removable storage card. This increases security by encrypting all information on the storage cards for the mobile device.

Windows Phone 7 synchronization

If you have Windows Phone 7 mobile devices in your organization, these devices will experience synchronization problems if certain Mobile Device mailbox policy properties are configured. To allow Windows Phone 7 mobile phones to synchronize with an Exchange mailbox, either set the AllowNonProvisionableDevices property to true or configure only the following Mobile Device mailbox policy properties:

  • PasswordRequired

  • MinPasswordLength

  • IdleTimeoutFrequencyValue

  • DeviceWipeThreshold

  • AllowSimplePassword

  • PasswordExpiration

  • PasswordHistory

  • DisableRemovableStorage

  • DisableIrDA

  • DisableDesktopSync

  • BlockRemoteDesktop

  • BlockInternetSharing