Applies to: Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Online

Topic Last Modified: 2012-10-16

Use the Import-JournalRuleCollection cmdlet to import journal rules from an XML file. You can import a journal rule collection you previously exported as a backup, or import rules you exported from an older version of Exchange.

For information about the parameter sets in the Syntax section below, see Syntax.


Import-JournalRuleCollection -FileData <Byte[]> [-Identity <RuleIdParameter>] [-Confirm [<SwitchParameter>]] [-DomainController <Fqdn>] [-Organization <OrganizationIdParameter>] [-WhatIf [<SwitchParameter>]]



This example imports journal rules from the XML file ExportedJournalRules.xml in a two-step process.

The first step retrieves journal rules from the previously exported XML file ExportedJournalRules.xml using the Get-Content cmdlet, and then stores the results in the variable $Data. The second step retrieves data from the variable $Data and imports journal rules to your organization, overwriting existing journal rules.

Copy Code
[Byte[]]$Data = Get-Content -Path "C:\JournalRules\ExportedJournalRules.xml" -Encoding Byte -ReadCount 0
Import-JournalRuleCollection -FileData $Data

Detailed Description

The Import-JournalRuleCollection cmdlet imports a journal rule collection you previously exported.

Importing a journal rule collection from an XML file removes or overwrites all pre-existing journal rules in your organization. Make sure that you have a backup of your current journal rule collection before you import and overwrite your current journal rules.

Importing file data is a two-step process. First you must load the data to a variable using the Get-Content cmdlet, and then use that variable to transmit the data to the cmdlet.

For more information about how to export a journal rule collection to an XML file, see Export-JournalRuleCollection.

You need to be assigned permissions before you can run this cmdlet. Although all parameters for this cmdlet are listed in this topic, you may not have access to some parameters if they're not included in the permissions assigned to you. To see what permissions you need, see the "Journaling" entry in the Messaging Policy and Compliance Permissions topic.


Parameter Required Type Description




The FileData parameter specifies the variable name that contains the content of the XML file. The content is retrieved using the Get-Content cmdlet in the first step of the two-step process used to import file content.




The Confirm switch can be used to suppress the confirmation prompt that appears by default when this cmdlet is run. To suppress the confirmation prompt, use the syntax -Confirm:$False. You must include a colon ( : ) in the syntax.




The DomainController parameter specifies the fully qualified domain name (FQDN) of the domain controller that writes this configuration change to Active Directory.




The Identity parameter specifies the name of a journal rule to be imported.




The Organization parameter is reserved for internal Microsoft use.




The WhatIf switch instructs the command to simulate the actions that it would take on the object. By using the WhatIf switch, you can view what changes would occur without having to apply any of those changes. You don't have to specify a value with the WhatIf switch.

Input Types

To see the input types that this cmdlet accepts, see Cmdlet Input and Output Types. If the Input Type field for a cmdlet is blank, the cmdlet doesn’t accept input data.

Return Types

To see the return types, which are also known as output types, that this cmdlet accepts, see Cmdlet Input and Output Types. If the Output Type field is blank, the cmdlet doesn’t return data.