Applies to: Exchange Server 2013
Topic Last Modified: 2013-01-08
When you add a server to a database availability group (DAG), it works with the other servers in the DAG to provide automatic database-level recovery from database, server, or network failures. When you remove a server from a DAG, it's no longer automatically protected from failures.
Looking for other management tasks related to DAGs? Check out Managing Database Availability Groups.
What do you need to know before you begin?
- Estimated time to complete: 5 minutes per server
- You need to be assigned permissions before you can perform this
procedure or procedures. To see what permissions you need, see the
"Database availability groups" entry in the High Availability and
Site Resilience Permissions topic.
- DAGs use Windows Failover Clustering (WFC) technologies. Each
Mailbox server that's a member of a DAG is also a node in the
underlying cluster used by the DAG. As a result, at any specific
time, a Mailbox server can be a member of only one DAG. Because
DAGs use WFC technology, all servers added to a DAG must be running
the same operating system: either Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise
or Datacenter Edition, or the Standard or Datacenter Edition of
Windows Server 2012.
- If you're adding Mailbox servers running Windows Server 2012,
you must pre-stage the cluster name object (CNO) for the DAG. For
detailed steps, see Pre-Stage the Cluster
Name Object for a Database Availability Group.
- Before you can add members to a DAG, you must first create a
DAG. For detailed steps, see Create a Database
- You must remove all replicated database copies from the server
before you can remove it from a DAG.
- For information about keyboard shortcuts that may apply to the
procedures in this topic, see Keyboard Shortcuts in
the Exchange Admin Center.
What do you want to do?
Use the EAC to manage database availability group membership
- In the EAC, go to Servers > Database Availability
the DAG you want to configure, and then click .
- To add one or more Mailbox servers to the DAG, click , select the servers from the list, click Add,
and then click OK.
- To remove one or more Mailbox servers from the DAG, select the
servers, and then click the minus (-) icon.
- To add one or more Mailbox servers to the DAG, click , select the servers from the list, click Add, and then click OK.
- Click Save to save the changes.
- When the task has
completed successfully, click Close.
Use the Shell to manage database availability group membership
This example adds the Mailbox server MBX1 to the DAG DAG1.
Add-DatabaseAvailabilityGroupServer -Identity DAG1 -MailboxServer MBX1
This example removes the Mailbox server MBX1 from the DAG DAG1. Before running this command, make sure that no replicated databases exist on the Mailbox server.
Remove-DatabaseAvailabilityGroupServer -Identity DAG1 -MailboxServer MBX1
This example removes the configuration settings for the Mailbox server MBX4 from the DAG DAG2. MBX4 is expected to be offline for an extended period, so its configuration is being removed from the DAG while it's offline to establish quorum with the remaining online DAG members.
Remove-DatabaseAvailabilityGroupServer -Identity DAG2 -MailboxServer MBX4 -ConfigurationOnly
How do you know this worked?
To verify that you've successfully managed DAG membership, do one of the following:
- In the EAC, navigate to Servers > Database
Availability Groups. The current DAG membership is displayed in
the Member Servers column.
- In the Shell, run the following command to display DAG
Get-DatabaseAvailabilityGroup <DAGName> | Format-List Servers