Occasionally, you may need to take a Standard Edition server or a server in an Enterprise pool offline, for example, for maintenance or replacement. To take a server running Office Communications Server offline, you must deactivate the server roles. When you deactivate a server role, the services that are provided through that role are no longer available to users. If you take a server offline without first taking appropriate precautionary steps (as described in the topics in this section), you can significantly affect the availability of service.

Deactivating a server role removes specific Active Directory objects that are associated with the role, but any service accounts and group accounts that you created to run the associated services remain intact. You can deactivate a server role by using any of the following tools:

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