Topic Last Modified: 2006-03-16

The Microsoft® Exchange Server Analyzer Tool implements the Win32 API DsGetSiteName function to query for the Active Directory® directory service site name of the domain controller and the Active Directory site name of the local Exchange Server.

If the Exchange Server Analyzer determines that the Active Directory site name of the domain controller and the Active Directory site name of the local Exchange Server do not match, the Exchange Server Analyzer displays a warning.

This warning indicates that the Directory Service Access (DSAccess) process is going out of the local Active Directory site for its Lightweight Directory Access protocol (LDAP) requests which can cause a severe degradation in Exchange Server performance.

This situation can be caused by the static configuration of an off-site domain controller, a network or domain controller computer outage that makes the site resident domain controller unreachable, or an incorrectly designed Active Directory topology that does not include an Active Directory domain controller in the same site as the Exchange Server.

DSAccess is a shared Exchange Server component that accesses and stores directory information in a cache. DSAccess dynamically detects the directory servers that other Exchange components should contact, based on criteria such as Active Directory site configuration and Active Directory server availability. Exchange front-end servers use DSAccess to determine which server contains a particular user's mailbox, the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) addresses that exist for a user object, and the servers that contain public folder stores.

Upon initialization, if DSAccess does not find a set of statically configured domain controllers or global catalogs in the registry, DSAccess uses a discovery process to identify the network topology and assess the availability and suitability of directory servers. Part of the determination of a domain controllers' suitability is whether the domain controller is in the same Active Directory site as the Exchange Server.

To reduce latency that may be introduced by cross-site LDAP requests, Exchange Servers should be located in an Active Directory site that has a resident domain controller.

To address this issue:

For More Information

For more information about how to configure and troubleshoot DSAccess, see the following Exchange resources: